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This information was automatically generated from data provided by MOA: University of British Columbia. It has been standardized to aid in finding and grouping information within the RRN. Accuracy and meaning should be verified from the Data Source tab.


Red cotton carrier with a white heart motif print. The carrier is square with long straps attached at each corner. The square has a white cotton centre panel with red embroidery in floral motifs and Chinese characters. Two straps have panels of multicoloured embroidery on loosely woven white fabric. The panels and the top edge of the square are edged with green braid.

History Of Use

Used by women to hold a baby or young child on their backs, especially while working. Women who live on boats carry babies this way for safety and convenience. Also used by Kwangtung farm people, as women there work in fields. Presented to a woman by her mother upon birth of baby. In use, baby is tied to mother's back by means of two straps passing over her shoulders and under her arms, knotted across her chest (collector).

Cultural Context

used by women for everyday use


Embroidered strap panels are characteristic of Macao boat dwellers.

Iconographic Meaning

The central character is 'double happiness'. The other characters also represent good fortune. Red is commonly used with infants as a symbol of happiness and good fortune.

Item History

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