The Owl and Happy Children Item Number: Na946 from the MOA: University of British Columbia
Yellow owl with outspread wings holding grey animal in beak. Smiling faces of two girls and three boys surround owl. Curved blue background on brown and green base. Below image on left: name of printmaker in Inuit syllabics and Cape Dorset stylized 'red igloo' seal, "The owl and happy children lithograph 33/50 Dorset 1979 Pitseolak," name of artist in Inuit syllabics. Canadian Eskimo Arts Council's blind embossed stamp in lower corner on right.
Contemporary Inuit prints were first produced at Cape Dorset in 1957. Although precursors to printmaking can be seen in women's skin applique work and in men's incising of ivory, stone and bone, the impetus for printmaking was as a commercial venture. This venture was established jointly by Inuit artists and John Houston, the civil administrator for Cape Dorset. Other Inuit communities quickly followed the commercial success of Cape Dorset's West Baffin Eskimo Cooperative. Printmaking developed as a communal activity following a Japanese, rather than a Western, model of serigraph production. Each year the cooperatives produce a series of limited edition prints which are sold in the retail art market. In 1965, the Canadian Eskimo Arts Council was established from the Canadian Eskimo Art Committee to ensure high standards were maintained. Printmaking, along with stone carving, provide cash income for communities which have undergone rapid and significant change, during the late 20th century, from traditional hunting based societies to settled communities dependent on consumer goods. The prevalent images depicted in Inuit art are of traditional life, arctic animals and mythology. Recently, contemporary subjects have been depicted by a minority of artists.