Tile Item Number: 3401/9 from the MOA: University of British Columbia
Square ceramic tile with floral motif painted on front. Surface and sides are glazed. Background is mint green. Plain dark brown border around entire tile. Central design of white flowers and dark green leaves growing on dark brown branches. Centres of the white flowers are red-brown. Seven vertical ridges on back of tile. Manufacturer’s mark, Josiah Wedgwood & Sons, stamped in between ridges.
Hand-crafted quality of the tile is distinctive of the Arts and Crafts movement in Britain which embraced craftmanship. The emergence of this style was in reaction to the degradation of quality and skill resulting from industrial manufacture.
Tile was manufactured by dust-pressing, a technique that uses clay milled to a fine powder with low moisture content, then pressed in a die at high pressure. The depth in the design was created by using a stencil to paint a clay slip on the surface which resulting in a shallow relief. The colour was likely hand-painted.