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This information was automatically generated from data provided by MOA: University of British Columbia. It has been standardized to aid in finding and grouping information within the RRN. Accuracy and meaning should be verified from the Data Source tab.


Long and narrow abaca ikat. Dark brown ground with beige figures and orange/red details. 6 design sections; 3 patterns mirrored from centre. From brown band at centre; 1 is 3 horizontal rows of 8 1/2 elongated ovals with filigreed edges; vague crab-like ? design at centres. Vertical red lines run discontinuously with circles and ovals at regular intervals. 2 is rows of diamonds on elongated diamonds, frog-like shapes in diamonds, some filigree and red dots and ovals. Design is not regular on one side. 3 is rows of stylized figures which can be viewed top or bottom; arms are out and up at 45 degrees, forming legs of next row. Body has two red ovals joined with line, red and beige dots, hand-like filigree; heads have triangulated chins, stylized noses. Beige meanders between designs 1 and 2 and 2 and 3. Fringe is brown warp fibres, several longer than the rest.

History Of Use

T'nalak cloths are used for blankets or for clothing. It is an important part of marriage exchanges, used to insure safe births, and also featured at certain feasts. It is woven on a back strap loom.

Cultural Context

Used for blankets and clothing.

Iconographic Meaning

The second design maybe the 'bangala' design if the frog-like figure is seen as a man (Casal). 'Bangala' represents 'a man secure in his house'. Symmetrical humans may be the 'logi', a frontal geometric figure. Other possibilities are the crab 'kleng' and the frog 'tofi' patterns (Casal).

Item History

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