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This information was automatically generated from data provided by MOA: University of British Columbia. It has been standardized to aid in finding and grouping information within the RRN. Accuracy and meaning should be verified from the Data Source tab.


Black damask robe with rounded neck, wide sleeves and centre opening with gold frog closures. There are slits in the sides and back. The damask is woven containing a diamond pattern. On the upper front and back is a large rectangular badge. The badge has a left facing quail, representing the eighth civil rank. Surrounding the bird are wave, cloud and sun motifs as well as the Buddhist emblems of good fortune. Around the badge is a gold border with a bat motif and Chinese character. On the front, the badge is split in two over the centre opening.

History Of Use

This is a man's surcoat.

Iconographic Meaning

The quail represents courage and denotes the 8th civil rank.

Item History

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