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This information was automatically generated from data provided by MOA: University of British Columbia. It has been standardized to aid in finding and grouping information within the RRN. Accuracy and meaning should be verified from the Data Source tab.


Square ceramic tile with floral motif painted on front. Surface is glazed. Background is cream. Central design of peonies, done in a mix of red tones. The petals are in the top left corner and the stem and leaves are in the bottom right. Dark red curvilinear motifs around the flower. Type of glaze makes design iridescent. Six horizontal ridges, with indents in between the ridges, on back of tile. Manufacturer’s mark, JC Edwards, stamped in between ridges. Three labels, with inscriptions in black ink, on back, along the sides.

Iconographic Meaning

Design is by Lewis F. Day, depicting peonies. Hand-crafted quality of the tile is distinctive of the Arts and Crafts movement in Britain which embraced craftmanship. The emergence of this style was in reaction to the degradation of quality and skill resulting from industrial manufacture.

Specific Techniques

Tile was manufactured by dust-pressing, a technique that uses clay milled to a fine powder with low moisture content, then pressed in a die at high pressure. It is hand painted in red lustreware which gives it the iridescent effect. This is created by application of metal oxides on top of an already fused glaze, and a second firing at low temperature.

Cultural Context

Wall tile.

Item History

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