Item Records

This page shows all the information we have about this item. Both the institution that physically holds this item, and RRN members have contributed the knowledge on this page. You’re looking at the item record provided by the holding institution. If you scroll further down the page, you’ll see the information from RRN members, and can share your own knowledge too.

The RRN processes the information it receives from each institution to make it more readable and easier to search. If you’re doing in-depth research on this item, be sure to take a look at the Data Source tab to see the information exactly as it was provided by the institution.

These records are easy to share because each has a unique web address. You can copy and paste the location from your browser’s address bar into an email, word document, or chat message to share this item with others.

  • Data
  • Data Source

This information was automatically generated from data provided by MOA: University of British Columbia. It has been standardized to aid in finding and grouping information within the RRN. Accuracy and meaning should be verified from the Data Source tab.


Finely woven traditional men’s hat, made from toquilla palm (jipi). Hat has a moderately wide brim, with a slightly upturned edge, and a tall rounded top.

History Of Use

This hat has not been ironed into shape or decorated with a ribbon, which would normally be done before use. Becal is a place historically known for producing hats made of jipi (fibre from the toquilla palm plant). The thinner the palm thread, the better quality the hat. These hats are known across Mexico and are a source of tourism and cultural pride for local people. The Yucatan peninsula is a karst landscape underneath which is an extensive interconnected web of caves and sinkholes (known as cenotes). Basket weaving was an important material production tradition in ancient Maya lowland societies, though the fabrication of hats made from palm was introduced after European contact--jipi hats date back to the 19th century. Other material knowledge systems that use palm, such as palm roof traditional Maya houses in the Yucatan peninsula, are endangered due to governmental initiatives associated with World Health Organisation standards.

Specific Techniques

Jipi fibres (from the toquilla palm plant) are pulled apart to make very fine threads, which are then boiled in sulphur to bleach, dried in the sun and then woven to make the hat. The weaving process is conducted in caves underground where the air is cold and humid, making the palm fibre more pliable.

Item History

With an account, you can ask other users a question about this item. Request an Account

With an account, you can submit information about this item and have it visible to all users and institutions on the RRN. Request an Account

Similar Items